The alpine Dianthus are amongst the staples of the rock garden, providing lots of reliable colour after the first flush of spring flowers has passed. They form neat cushions of thin, pointed leaves, blue-grey in the majority of species, and have short stems, each with a few, wide-open, five-petalled flowers, mostly in the white-pink-red colour range. With over 100 European species, identification is often tricky.
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Dianthus carthusianorum

Tall pink with single magenta flowers with piky petals.

Dianthus freynii

Grey-green foliage covered by white or pink flowers.

Dianthus lumnitzeri

Scented, pink or white flowers over mats of grey-green foliage.

Dianthus microlepis

Low silvery grey cushion studded with pink to purple flowers.

Dianthus 'Mrs Sinkins'

Fragrant ragged white flowers above silver grey foliage.